John Adams (1735 – 1826) [cite this] More images » Life in Brief: Before becoming President in 1797, John Adams built his reputation as a blunt-speaking man of independent mind. A fervent patriot and brilliant intellectual, Adams served as a delegate from Massachusetts to the Continental Congress between 1774 a… more life in brief » Essays about John Adams Life in Brief Life in Brief: Before becoming President in 1797, John Adams built his reputation as a blunt-speaking man of independent mind. A fervent patriot and brilliant intellectual, Adams served as a delegate from Massachusetts to the Continental Congress between 1774 and 1777, as a diplomat in Europe from 1778 to 1788… Life Before the Presidency Life Before the Presidency: Born into a comfortable, but not wealthy, Massachusetts farming family on October 30, 1735, John Adams grew up in the tidy little world of New England village life. His father, a deacon in the Congregational Church, earned a living as a farmer and shoemaker in Braintree, roughly fifteen miles south … Campaigns and Elections Campaigns and Elections: The Campaign and Election of 1796: Throughout Washington's presidency, Vice President Adams regarded himself as the heir apparent. Indeed, that alone explains his willingness to endure eight years in the vice presidency, an office devoid of power. When Washington, in his Farewell Address, publi…Domestic Affairs Domestic Affairs: President Adams's style was largely to leave domestic matters to Congress and to control foreign policy himself. Not only did the Constitution vest the President with responsibility for foreign policy but perhaps no other American had as much diplomatic experience as Adams. As a result of his ou…Foreign Affairs Foreign Affairs: Adams's presidency was consumed with problems that arose from the French Revolution, which had also been true for his predecessor. Initially popular with virtually all Americans, the French Revolution began to arouse concerns among the most conservative in the United States after the excesses th…Life After the Presidency Life After the Presidency: With his retirement from public office, John and Abigail finally obtained the homelife that she had always wanted. They lived at Peacefield, their family farm in Quincy, Massachusetts. For the next twenty-six years, Adams seldom left home. Charles's widow, Sally, and her young daughters move…Family Life Family Life: Business and politics separated John Adams from his wife and family for much of the time. When Adams was a young lawyer, his travels to distant villages on the court circuit kept him away. Even when he was at home, Abigail scolded him for staying out late at night while attending various meetings. A…The American Franchise The American Franchise: During John Adams's presidency, the American population increased from 4.7 million to 5.3 million people—a 35-percent increase since 1790. Four out of five families farmed the land. Most of their produce was consumed on the farm or exchanged within the local community. Only twelve cities i…Impact and Legacy Impact and Legacy: Historians have difficulty assessing John Adams's presidency. On the one hand, his aloofness and refusal to enter directly into political conflict probably undermined his effectiveness and cost him his reelection in 1800. His stubborn independence left him politically isolated and alone. Even hi… About His Administration First Lady Abigail Adams Vice President Thomas Jefferson (1797-1801) Secretary of State John Marshall (1800-1801) Timothy Pickering (1797-1800) Attorney General Charles Lee (1797–1801) Postmaster General Joseph Habersham (1797–1801) Secretary of the Treasury Samuel Dexter (1801–1801) Oliver Wolcott Jr. (1797–1800) Secretary of the Navy Benjamin Stoddert (1798–1801) Secretary of War Samuel Dexter (1800–1801) James McHenry (1797-1800) Facts about John Adams Term: 2nd President of the United States (1797 – 1801) Born: October 30, 1735, North Precinct of Braintree (now Quincy), Massachusetts Political Party: Federalist Died: July 04, 1826 Nickname: “Atlas of Independence” Education: Harvard College (graduated 1755) Religion: Unitarian Marriage: October 25, 1764, to Abigail Smith (1744–1818) Children: Abigail Amelia (1765–1813), John Quincy (1767–1848), Susanna (1768–1770), Charles (1770–1800), Thomas Boylston (1772–1832) Career: Lawyer Buried: Quincy, Massachusetts WritingsThe Works of John Adams, The Adams-Jefferson Letters, Diary and Autobiography, The Papers of John Adams, The Political Writings of John Adams John Adams Image Gallery More images » Citation Information Consulting Editor C. James Taylor Mr. Taylor is the editor-in-chief of the Adams Papers at the Massachusetts Historical Society. Thomas Jefferson » « George Washington American President has changed! Click here to take a short survey and tell us what you think!