Grover Cleveland (1837 – 1908) [cite this] More images » Life in Brief: Stephen Grover Cleveland fell into politics without really trying. In 1881, local businessmen asked Cleveland, then a young lawyer, to run for mayor of Buffalo, New York. He agreed and won the Democratic nomination and the election. As mayor, Clevela… more life in brief » Essays about Grover Cleveland Life in Brief Life in Brief: Stephen Grover Cleveland fell into politics without really trying. In 1881, local businessmen asked Cleveland, then a young lawyer, to run for mayor of Buffalo, New York. He agreed and won the Democratic nomination and the election. As mayor, Cleveland exposed city corruption and earned such a reput… Life Before the Presidency Life Before the Presidency: In his youth, no one would have thought it likely that Stephen Grover Cleveland would become President of the United States. He was born in Caldwell, New Jersey, on March 18, 1837, the fifth of nine children. His father, the Reverend Richard Cleveland, was a nearly impoverished, Yale-educated Pr… Campaigns and Elections Campaigns and Elections: The Campaign and Election of 1884: Grover Cleveland carried four advantages into the 1884 presidential campaign. First, his battles with Tammany Hall had won the support of middle-class voters from both parties. Second, his reformism emphasized hard work, merit, and efficiency, reinforcing his …Domestic Affairs Domestic Affairs: When Grover Cleveland became President in 1885, he was the first Democrat to occupy the White House since James Buchanan was elected just prior to the Civil War. For most of his first term, Cleveland was more concerned with preventing Congress from granting privileges to special interests than with …Foreign Affairs Foreign Affairs: Grover Cleveland's principal agenda in foreign policy was to oppose territorial expansion and entangling alliances. With these purposes in mind, he decided to withdraw the Frelinghuysen-Zavala Treaty from senatorial consideration. This treaty gave the United States the right to construct a c…Life After the Presidency Life After the Presidency: Following Cleveland’s retirement from political office in 1897, he played the stock market and practiced law in order to support his substantial family—though it is estimated that by 1896 he had amassed a moderate personal fortune of $350,000. He moved to a spacious house in Princeton, New Jerse…Family Life Family Life: In the White House, Grover Cleveland became one of the hardest working Presidents ever, doing his own paperwork and routinely working past midnight, often until two or three in the morning. He paid his own expenses, dispensed with luxuries such as the presidential yacht, cussed openly, and bemoaned …The American Franchise The American Franchise: Most historians see the Grover Cleveland years as the last phase of a political era that ended with the election of 1896. It was an age in which eligible males voted strict party tickets, electing candidates whom the parties had nominated in party caucuses. Elections resembled battles in which the t…Impact and Legacy Impact and Legacy: Historians do not rank Grover Cleveland as a great President. Even as a party leader, the consensus is that he achieved mixed results at best. Cleveland did help to create a Solid South for the Democrats by encouraging former Confederates to believe they had a friend in the White House; his return o… About His Administration First Lady Rose Cleveland, Frances Cleveland Vice President Adlai E. Stevenson (1893–1897) Thomas A. Hendricks (1885) Secretary of State Richard Olney (1895–1897) Walter Q. Gresham (1893–1895) Thomas F. Bayard (1885–1889) Secretary of the Interior David R. Francis (1896–1897) Hoke Smith (1893–1896) William F. Vilas (1888–1889) Lucius Q. C. Lamar (1885–1888) Attorney General Judson Harmon (1895–1897) Richard Olney (1893–1895) Augustus H. Garland (1885–1889) Postmaster General William L. Wilson (1895–1897) Wilson S. Bissell (1893–1895) Donald M. Dickinson (1888–1889) William F. Vilas (1885–1888) Secretary of the Treasury John Carlisle (1893-1897) Charles S. Fairchild (1887–1889) Daniel Manning (1885–1887) Secretary of Agriculture Julius S. Morton (1893–1897) Norman J. Coleman (1889) Secretary of the Navy Hilary A. Herbert (1893–1897) William C. Whitney (1885–1889) Secretary of War Daniel S. Lamont (1893–1897) William C. Endicott (1885–1889) Facts about Grover Cleveland Term: 22nd and 24th President of the United States (1885–1889 and 1893–1897) Born: March 18, 1837, Caldwell, New Jersey Political Party: Democrat Died: June 24, 1908 Nickname: "Big Steve", "Uncle Jumbo" Education: Some common school; Read law (1855–1859) Religion: Presbyterian Marriage: June 2, 1886, to Frances Folsom (1864–1947) Children: Ruth (1891–1904), Esther (1893–1980), Marion (1895–1977), Richard Folsom (1897–1974), Francis Grover (1903–1995) Career: Lawyer Buried: Princeton, New Jersey WritingsPresidential Problems (1904) Grover Cleveland Image Gallery More images » It is a plain dictate of honesty and good government that public expenditures should be limited by public necessity . .. . March 4, 1893 Citation Information Consulting Editor Henry F. Graff Professor Graff is a professor emeritus of history at Columbia University. His writings include: Grover Cleveland (Times Books, 2002) The Presidents: A Reference History (Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1984) This Great Nation: A History of the United States (Riverside Publishing, Co., 1983) Benjamin Harrison » « Chester A. Arthur American President has changed! Click here to take a short survey and tell us what you think!