Harold Brown (1977–1981) - Secretary of Defense [cite this] ↑Jimmy Carter Home Page Harold Brown was born on September 19, 1927, in New York City. He received three degrees, among them a Ph. D. (1949) in physics from Columbia University. Brown was a research scientist at the University of California Radiation Laboratory at Berkeley, then at the Lawrence Radiation Laboratory at Livermore, CA; he became director of the Lawrence lab in 1960. Brown was senior adviser at the Conference on the Discontinuance of Nuclear Tests (1958-1959). He later served as director of defense research and engineering (1961-1965), secretary of the air force (1965-1969), and president of the California Institute of Technology (1969-1977).Brown was secretary of defense for the entirety of the Carter administration from 1977-1981. Following his work in the cabinet, he taught at the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies, becoming chairman of John Hopkins' Foreign Policy Institute. Jimmy Carter Essays Life in Brief Life Before the Presidency Campaigns and Elections Domestic Affairs Foreign Affairs Life After the Presidency Family Life The American Franchise Impact and Legacy [ print all essays ] Jimmy Carter Home Citation Information Consulting Editor Robert A. Strong Professor Strong is the William Lyne Wilson Professor of Politics at Washington and Lee University. He is also an associate editor of the White House Studies journal and has worked on the Presidential Oral History program at the Miller Center. His writings include: Working in the World: Jimmy Carter and the Making of American Foreign Policy (Louisiana State University Press, 2000) Decisions and Dilemmas: Case Studies in Presidential Foreign Policy Making (M.E. Sharpe, 2005) American President has changed! Click here to take a short survey and tell us what you think!