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Gideon Granger (1809–1814) - Postmaster General

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Gideon Granger was born in Suffield, Connecticut, on July 19, 1767, and graduated from Yale University. He began his professional life as a lawyer in 1789, working in private practice until 1792. Granger soon involved himself in politics, however, serving in the Connecticut state legislature for ten years from 1792 to 1801. Relatively unknown on the national level, Granger nevertheless gained a position in President Thomas Jefferson's cabinet as postmaster general in 1801, most likely because of his sympathies with Jefferson's political views. Granger remained postmaster general until his resignation in 1814, serving under Presidents Jefferson and James Madison, and successfully managing the expansion of his office following Jefferson's Louisiana Purchase in 1803. Upon leaving Madison's cabinet, Granger moved to New York, where he would return to his law practice, take up land speculation, and serve one term as a state senator (1820-1821). Granger died in Canandaiuga, New York, on December 31, 1822.

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Consulting Editor

J.C.A. Stagg

Professor Stagg is the editor-in-chief of the Papers of James Madison Project and a history professor at the University of Virginia. In addition to the volumes of Madison’s papers, his writings include:

Mr. Madison’s War: Politics, Diplomacy and Warfare in the Early American Republic, 1783–1830 (Princeton University Press, 1983)