Condoleezza Rice (2005–2009) - Secretary of State [cite this] ↑George W. Bush Home Page Condoleezza Rice was born in 1954 in Birmingham, Alabama. She earned a B.A. in political science, with honors, from the University of Denver in 1974, an M.A. in political science from the University of Notre Dame in 1975, and a Ph. D. in political science from the University of Denver Graduate School of International Studies in 1981. From 1981 to 1999, Rice served as a fellow in the arms control and disarmament program and as a tenured professor in the political science department at Stanford University. At the same time, she worked as a fellow with the Hoover Institution (national fellow, 1985-1986; senior fellow, 1991-1999) and with the Council on Foreign Relations as part of the Office of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (1986). From 1989 to 1991, Rice served as special assistant to the President and senior director of Soviet and East European affairs for President George H.W. Bush at the National Security Council. In 1993, she became provost of Stanford University, a post she held until 1999. In 2000, Rice served as foreign policy adviser for the George W. Bush presidential campaign. A prolific author and a member of numerous boards of directors and organizations, Condoleezza Rice entered the Bush administration in 2001 as assistant to President for national security, a position commonly known as national security adviser. In November 2004, President Bush nominated Rice to succeed Colin Powell as secretary of state. The Senate confirmed Rice on January 26, 2005. George W. Bush Essays Life in Brief Life Before the Presidency Campaigns and Elections Domestic Affairs Foreign Affairs Life After the Presidency Family Life Impact and Legacy [ print all essays ] George W. Bush Home Citation Information Consulting Editor Gary L. Gregg II Professor Gregg is the director of the McConnell Center at the University of Louisville. He also holds the Mitch McConnell Chair in leadership. His writings include: Considering the Bush Presidency. (with Mark J. Rozell, Oxford University Press, 2004) Thinking about the Presidency: Documents and Essays from the Founding to the Present. (Rowman & Littlefield, 2005) Securing Democracy: Why We Have an Electoral College (2nd ed.). (ISI Books, 2008) America's Forgotten Founders (2nd ed.). (with Mark D. Hall, ISI Books, 2012) The consulting editor wishes to thank Connor Tracy and Travis Wilson for serving as research assistants on this project. American President has changed! Click here to take a short survey and tell us what you think!