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Claude R. Wickard (1940–1945) - Secretary of Agriculture

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Claude Raymond Wickard served as secretary of agriculture to President Franklin D. Roosevelt from 1940 to 1945. Wickard was born February, 28, 1893, in Indiana and graduated from Purdue University with a bachelor of science degree in agriculture (1915). He began his career on his family farm, where his success led him to be named a "Master Farmer of Indiana" by Prairie Farmer magazine (1927).Wickard was elected to the Indiana State Senate in 1932 and served a single term before being tapped as assistant chief of the corn and hog section in the new Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA); he remained in that post until 1936.

He also served as director of the North Central Division of the new A.A.A. and as undersecretary of agriculture in 1940 until replacing Secretary Wallace later that year. In December 1942, Wickard was named U.S. food administrator but served only four months.

President Truman asked for his resignation in 1945, leaving Wickard to become administrator of the Rural Electrification Administration (1945-1953). He died on April 29, 1967 in Delphi, Indiana.

Citation Information

Consulting Editor

William E. Leuchtenburg

Professor Leuchtenburg is the William Rand Kenan Jr. Professor Emeritus of History at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. His writings include:

The White House Looks South: Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry S. Truman, Lyndon B. Johnson (Louisiana State University Press, 2005)

The FDR Years: On Roosevelt and His Legacy (Columbia University Press, 1995)

The Perils of Prosperity, 1914-32 (University of Chicago Press, 1993)

Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal, 1932–1940 (Harper Collins, 1963)